Klages, Ludwig

(1872-1956)
   cultural theorist; a member of the George Circle for whom "research into the unconscious became worship of the uncon-scious" (Pachter). Born in Hanover, he studied physics and philosophy before taking a doctorate in 1901 in chemistry. Despite what he called a "practical" approach to education, his humanistic bent led him to coedit Blatter fur die Kunst during 1892-1904 with Stefan George.* In 1903 he founded a "Psycho-diagnostic Seminar," an enterprise that relocated to Switzerland during World War I. He gradually became the leading figure in a psychological movement, sometimes called "vitalism," in which pseudosciences were explored to gain insight into character types.
   Klages exemplified the romantic intellectual dedicated to the repudiation of reason in the name of instinct. Impugning "civilization" in favor of "Kultur," his ideology paralleled that of Oswald Spengler* and unintentionally provided part of the intellectual framework for Nazism. He argued that the ability to think and will distinguished humans from animals. This difference was the source of man's estrangement from the world and the cause of his psychic illnesses; by dissolving the individual ego and recapturing one's animal consciousness, a man's natural impulses would triumph. His magnum opus, the three-volume Der Geist als Widersacher der Seele (Intellect as antagonist of the soul), published during 1929-1931, denounced scientific rationality on behalf of the irrational. Although Klages lectured throughout Germany and was much honored in his homeland—he received the Nietzsche Prize in 1923 and the Goethe Medal in 1932 and was elected Senator of Munich's German Academy in 1933—he chose to remain in Switzerland.
   REFERENCES:EP, vol. 4; Herf, Reactionary Modernism; NDB, vol. 11; Pachter, Weimar Etudes.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Klages, Ludwig — ▪ German psychologist and philosopher born Dec. 10, 1872, Hannover, Ger. died July 29, 1956, Kilchberg, near Zürich, Switz.       German psychologist and philosopher, distinguished in the field of characterology. He was also a founder of modern… …   Universalium

  • Klages, Ludwig — ► (1872 1956) Psicólogo alemán. Sistematizó la grafología e investigó el carácter y la expresión …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Клагес Людвиг / Klages, Ludwig — (1872 1956). Клагес считал, что тело и душа постоянно взаимодействуют и что точкой этого взаимодействия является человеческая личность. Согласно Клагесу, индивидуальная личность есть система динамических отношений …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Klages — Klages, Ludwig …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ludwig Klages — Infobox Person name = Friedrich Konrad Eduard Wilhelm Ludwig Klages image size = caption = birth date = 10 December 1872 birth place = Hannover, Germany death date = 29 July 1956 death place = Kilchberg, Zurich education = occupation =… …   Wikipedia

  • KLAGES (K. L.) — KLAGES KARL LUDWIG (1872 1956) Né à Hanovre, Ludwig Klages étudia d’abord la physique et la chimie, puis, aux universités de Leipzig, Hanovre et Munich, la psychologie et la philosophie. C’est à Munich qu’il rédigea, en collaboration avec H. H.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ludwig Klages — (1872 1956), nacido en Hannover, estudió química y filosofía, pero su obra es más conocida por sus estudios sobre la expresión. Fundó el Seminar für Ausdruckskunde (Seminario para el estudio de la expresión), adentrándose en el estudio de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Klages — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christian Klages († 1901 in Osnabrück), deutscher Firmengründer Helmut Klages (* 1930), deutscher Soziologe und Verwaltungswissenschaftler Karl Klages (1904–1967), deutscher Pädagoge und Politiker (SPD)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ludwig Klages — (né le 10 décembre 1872 à Hanovre, mort le 29 juillet 1956 à Kilchberg) étudia d abord la physique et la chimie, puis la psychologie et la philosophie à Leipzig, Hanovre et Munich. Il remarque que l esprit et l hyper rationalisme parasitent le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Klages — Klages,   1) Helmut, Soziologe, * Nürnberg 15. 4. 1930; 1964 74 Professor an der TU Berlin, seit 1975 an der Hochschule für Verwaltungswissenschaften Speyer, befasst sich u. a. mit den sozialen Phänomenen des Berufswechsels und des Berufswandels… …   Universal-Lexikon

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